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苏格兰威士忌蒸馏的第一次记载出现在1494年的《m6米乐下载苹果》中.K.’s archaic tax records. 上面写着:“给约翰·科奥修士八铃麦芽,用以酿造烈性酒。.”

This aqua vitae (“water of life”) first emerged in ancient Mesopotamia and Greece; each made its own style of wine distilled into an early version of brandy. The nomadic Moors would bring their distillation techniques to southern Europe in the 1100s; as their conquests grew wider, 他们制造灵魂的方法也是如此, captivating locals along the way.

他们看到了这个新的奇迹——蒸馏——一种元素生命力量的分离, liquid, into another elemental force, gas, resulted in a holy spirit,罗宾森(Robin Robinson)在他的《m6米乐下载地址》(The Complete Whiskey Course)中写道.”

In places like Ireland and Scotland, where barley is ample, and grapes are not, 发酵的谷物麦芽浆成为当时被称为uisge beatha(盖尔人的“生命之水”)的原料。. By the 15th century, 苏格兰威士忌的前身主要是由修道院和教堂里的圣人们制作的. 威士忌蒸馏最终传播到北美和亚洲, 几个世纪以来出现了不同的风格.

Today, 世界上几乎每个国家都有自己的威士忌(或威士忌), Scotch is legally defined, protected, and regulated. It must be distilled in Scotland, of course, using only water, malted barley, and yeast; it must be aged there as well, in oak casks. 苏格兰威士忌可以作为单一麦芽或单一谷物出售. Or, it can take the form of blended malt, blended grain, 或者混合苏格兰威士忌——后者是全球最畅销的苏格兰威士忌品种. It took a while to get there, though.

In its earliest days, 苏格兰威士忌更像m6米乐下载苹果今天所知道的杜松子酒, rather than whisky, often flavored with local plants, herbs, 香料之类的东西可以掩盖生食的刺鼻味道, unaged spirit. (苏格兰威士忌直到19世纪初才在桶里陈酿.) Still, King James IV was an early fan, 喜欢约翰修士的威士忌, 他是法夫郡林多雷斯修道院的一名蒂罗尼亚修道士, produced for him. 在1513年的战争中,他被英国人打败并杀死. 1533年,继任的亨利八世国王脱离罗马教会,解散了修道院, 把这些修士送进“真实”的世界. Luckily, 他们有一项非常畅销的技能——酿造威士忌——尽管许多人会被迫非法且不被记录在案.

In 1644, 该国第一次对威士忌蒸馏征税,但直到1823年,政府才发现如何让合法的蒸馏为所有人带来利润, 导致了商业苏格兰威士忌的第一次爆发. The next year, in 1824, 单一麦芽苏格兰威士忌出现在商业上, 尽管它的营销方式不是这样的(“苏格兰威士忌”这个词当时还没有出现, either — this was simply: “whisky”).

By 1830, 埃涅阿斯·科菲为他的专栏申请了专利, 在不断提炼精神的能力上,哪一个是革命性的, 与传统的蒸馏壶相比,它能更高效、更实惠地生产苏格兰威士忌——它尝起来也更顺滑. 科菲仍然为苏格兰威士忌制造商打开了一个充满潜力的新世界, 让它在全国变得无处不在.

正是这种沉默的精神创造了m6米乐下载苹果今天所熟知的混合苏格兰威士忌,” adds Robinson, 以一种古老的炼金术士会欣赏的方式,从基本元素中提炼黄金.”

这种潜力在1860年的《m6米乐下载苹果》中得到了充分的实现, 使谷物威士忌和麦芽威士忌的混合合法化——一个混合苏格兰威士忌的新时代开始了. 如果单一麦芽威士忌是由单一酿酒厂酿制的, 混合威士忌是由许多不同酿酒厂生产的单一麦芽威士忌和单一谷物威士忌混合而成的. The blended whiskies were intended to be smoother and more easy-drinking than single malts; the blending gave more consistency in taste as well, 将这种风格推广给更广泛的受众. By the end of the decade, 苏格兰有近50家苏格兰酿酒厂和更多的苏格兰品牌.

其中一个品牌是老高地威士忌(Old Highland Whisky), which was initially released in 1867, 很快就成为了第一批享誉国际的苏格兰威士忌. Born in 1805, 约翰·沃克(John Walker)十几岁时就开始管理家里的杂货店和烈酒店——他卖了大量的威士忌, 但他从不满意单一麦芽威士忌的稠度. 为了达到他想要的味道,他开始混合它们. 这种混合的苏格兰威士忌在熙熙攘攘的基尔马诺克镇引起了轰动.

After his death in 1857, his son and grandson, both named Alexander, 更专注于公司的发展, 创新的方形瓶子(以减少破损)和独特的角度标签. Quickly, they were sending 100,每年通过铁路从他们的家乡运送到世界上每一个港口的船只上. By 1920, 尊尼获加遍布120个国家,这是一个现象, 都是基于一款美味且始终如一的混合苏格兰威士忌.

This article is sponsored by Johnnie Walker. Keep walking.